MEPs urge the Romanian Chamber of Deputies to strike down Hungarian-style propaganda law tacitly adopted by the Romanian Senate´┐╝

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[unnofficial Romanian translation below]

President of the Romanian Chamber of Deputies, Ion-Marcel Ciolacu,

Prime Minister of Romania and President of the PNL party, Nicolae-Ionel Ciuc─â,

Vice-President of the Chamber, Vasile-Daniel Suciu,

Vice-President of the Chamber, Ciprian-Constantin ┼×erban,

Vice-President of the Chamber, Florin-Claudiu Roman,

Vice-President of the Chamber, Ilie Dan Barna,

Leader of the Social Democratic Party (PSD) Parliamentary Group, Alfred-Robert Simonis,

Leader of the National Liberal Party (PNL) Parliamentary Group, Gabriel Andronache,

Leader of the USR PLUS Parliamentary Group, Liviu-Ionu┼ú Mo┼čteanu,

Interim President of the USR Party, C─ât─âlin Drul─â,

Leader of the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR) Parliamentary Group, Botond Csoma,

President of the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR), Kelemen Hunor,

Leader of the National Minorities Parliamentary Group, Varujan Pambuccian, 

Cc:

President of Romania, Klaus Iohannis,

Minister of Foreign Affairs, Bogdan Aurescu,

Romanian Ambassador to the EU, Iulia Matei,

Brussels, 16 June 2022

Subject: Urging the Chamber of Deputies to strike down Hungarian-style propaganda law tacitly adopted by the Romanian Senate

Dear President of Romania, 

Dear President of the Chamber of Deputies, 

Dear Vice-Presidents,

Dear Leaders of the Parliamentary Groups,

We address you today as Members of the LGBTI Intergroup in the European Parliament, a cross-party grouping of elected Members working on equality for LGBTIQ people, to convey our concerns over the bill tacitly approved in the Romanian Senate. The majority vote last week in the Human Rights Committee of the Chamber of Deputies has raised our concern.

We were made aware that the bill tabled by the UDMR party amending the Law no. 272/2004 on the protection and promotion of the rights of the child was moved to the Chamber of Deputies. This bill aims at banning dissemination of information on homosexual orientation and gender diversity among minors, as well as freezing the legal gender of children until they reach 18 years of age.

We view this bill as a particularly worrying development, given its resemblance to the Hungarian bill (subject to infringement procedures opened by the European Commission last year) and to the Russian ÔÇśanti-LGBTIQÔÇÖ propaganda law. Through this letter today, we seek to lay out arguments that question the human rights compliance of this bill, which we strongly oppose, and secure your support in not allowing this bill to become law.

  1. Resemblance to Hungarian law subject to infringement procedures and reply by the European Parliament

In June 2021, the Hungarian Parliament adopted a bill which, at its origin, was intended to protect children against paedophile offenders, an objective shared and pursued by all EU institutions and Member States. Nevertheless, the provisions of the law were deliberately vague and carried the aim of causing a chilling effect on awareness and information on LGBTIQ persons. The law prohibited, similarly to the bill proposed in the Romanian Senate, the ÔÇśportrayal and promotion of gender identity different from sex assigned at birth, the change of sex and homosexualityÔÇÖ in schools, in television programmes and in publicly available advertisements on any platforms for persons aged under 18, even for educational purposes. 

This law led to a condemning response by the European Parliament, which adopted a resolution noting the lawÔÇÖs lack of compliance with the EUÔÇÖs acquis. Equally, it called on the Commission to take legal action in the form of infringement procedures, including expedited procures, to protect the EUÔÇÖs legal order and the respect for fundamental rights.[1]

  • Infringement procedures initiated by the Commission, following up on ParliamentÔÇÖs request

On 15 July 2021, making use of its role as Guardian of the Treaties, the European Commission started legal action against Hungary concerning the violation of the fundamental rights of LGBTIQ people.[2] In the meanwhile, the Commission has requested for further information from the government in the form of a reasoned opinion in December 2021.[3] The government has replied to this letter and the Commission is assessing the reply before bringing the case formally to the Court of Justice of the EU.

  • The bill is incompliant with the Constitution of Romania

Article 16 of the Constitutions stipulates the conditions for equality of rights, prescribing that ÔÇťcitizens are equal before the law and before public authorities, with no privileges and no discriminationÔÇŁ.  Equally, Article 31 prescribes that ÔÇťa personÔÇÖs right of access to any information of public interest shall not be restrictedÔÇŁ and that ÔÇťpublic authorities, according to their competence, shall be bound to provide correct information to the citizens in public affairs and matters of personal interestÔÇŁ. At present, the bill proposed by the Senate seeks to protect ÔÇťthe child against the dissemination by any means of content regarding the deviation from the sex established at birth or the popularisation of sex change or homosexualityÔÇŁ, but carries no legal justification as to why dissemination of material concerning the diversity of sexual orientation or gender identity would be detrimental to children. Conversely, European human rights standards already address how a human-rights compliant approach is inclusive of portraying sexual orientation and gender identity.

  • European human rights standards on education and objective information on sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) are clear

The European Parliament has recently called on Member States to combat the spread of discriminatory and unsafe misinformation on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and to develop age-appropriate comprehensive sexuality and relationship education curricula, taking into account that the imparting of information should reflect the diversity of sexual orientations, gender identities, expressions and sex characteristics.[4]

Furthermore, human rights standards in Europe have in effect been clear for long. The 2010 Recommendation from the Council of EuropeÔÇÖs Committee of Ministers on measures to address sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI)[5] clearly outlined measures to outlaw discriminatory practices and to promote equality, such as providing objective information with regards to SOGI, for instance in school curricula and educational materials, and providing students with the necessary information, protection and support to enable them to live in accordance with their SOGI (┬Â32). It adds that ÔÇťMember states should take appropriate measures to guarantee the full legal recognition of a personÔÇÖs gender reassignment in all areas of life, in particular by making possible the change of name and gender in official documents in a quick, transparent and accessible wayÔÇŁ (┬Â21). Romania is not only a member of the Council of Europe, and is accordingly a party to this Recommendation, but is also a signatory of the European Convention on Human Rights, as all other EU Member States. The European Court of Human Rights has been key in enforcing the ECHR and clarifying its application.

  • The ECtHR has clarified that Members States have an obligation to ensure Legal Gender Recognition procedures

The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe has adopted in 2015 a resolution on transgender rights in Europe, where it called on Member States to develop quick, transparent and accessible procedures, based on self-determination, for the recognition of trans persons. In fact, the European Court of Human Rights has already clarified in 2019 in X v. the former Yugoslav Republic of North Macedonia[6] that North Macedonia was required to adopt a legislative framework for the legal recognition of trans persons. The case-law of the ECtHR is clear in ensuring that there is a positive obligation on Member States to ensure the existence of legal mechanisms for ÔÇśquick, transparent and accessible proceduresÔÇÖ for changing on birth certificates the registered sex of transgender people, making it so that reversing or creating barriers to this obligation (i.e. what this bill proposes) would infringe on human rights standards. Furthermore, in 2021, the ECtHR ruled in X and Y v. Romania[7] that the refusal of the national authorities to recognise the applicantsÔÇÖ identity in the absence of gender reassignment surgery had resulted in a violation of the applicantÔÇÖs rights.

  • The Romanian Constitutional case-law is a reference to uphold

Should the former arguments not be sufficient, a law adopted in 2020 by the Romanian Chamber of Deputies was deemed unconstitutional in Decision 907/2020. The law sought to ban discussions around themes such as gender, gender equality and gender identity in schools, universities and within professional development. The Court was categorical in stating the infringement of the right to freedom of expression, freedom of thought, right to information and, last but not least, the non-discrimination principle and the principle of equality before the law, while representing a violation of transgender people and womenÔÇÖs human dignity. Already at the time, the LGBTI Intergroup had addressed a letter to the Romanian President recalling why such a law would be fundamentally detrimental to LGBTI persons in Romania.[8] We restate some of these reasons below.

  • What statistics show about Romania in comparison with other EU Member States on LGBTIQ persons

The situation in Romania is concerning regarding the (lack of) protection of LGBTIQ persons:

  • It is, together with Poland, the EU country registering the highest rate of physical or sexual assaults of LGBTI persons in the last five years (15%);
  • it is equally among the 5 countries in Europe where the majority of the LGBTI population is almost or never open about being LGBTI;
  • in particular, trans persons in the EU experience the most harassment due to being LGBTI: 1 in every 2 trans persons has claimed to have been harassed due to being LGBTI. Romania counts on the second largest percentage in the EU of persons in this situation (43%).[9]

Dear President, dear Vice-Presidents, dear Leaders of the Parliamentary Groups:

The letter we address to you today seeks to raise your awareness about the need to unequivocally strike down this law. It is not compliant with European human rights standards, does not seek to further extend protection, but rather to roll-back on already secured rights, and further seeks to ostracise LGBTIQ people by seeking to relegate them to the shadows: no information on what it means to be LGBTIQ means further invisibility; no visibility means no awareness; no awareness means no public policies to ensure protection; and this in turn means further hatred and violence. Should all the previous reasons not be enough, adopting this bill as such would force the Commission to also open infringement procedures against Romania, for the same reasons similar action was taken against Hungary. 

We thank you for your consideration and deliberation of the reasons laid out and encourage your support in not allowing this shameful bill to make it through the Chamber of Deputies.

We look positively forward to a reply on your behalf.

Yours sincerely, 


Pre╚Öedintele Camerei Deputa╚Ťilor a Rom├óniei, Ion-Marcel Ciolacu,

Prim-ministru al Rom├óniei ╚Öi pre╚Öedinte al PNL, Nicolae-Ionel Ciuc─â,

Vicepre╚Öedinte al Camerei, Vasile-Daniel Suciu,

Vicepre╚Öedinte al Camerei, Ciprian-Constantin ╚śerban,

Vicepre╚Öedinte al Camerei, Florin-Claudiu Roman,

Vicepre╚Öedinte al Camerei, Ilie Dan Barna,

Liderul Grupului parlamentar al PSD, Alfred-Robert Simonis,

Liderul Grupului parlamentar al PNL, Gabriel Andronache,

Liderul Grupului parlamentar al USR PLUS, Liviu-Ionu╚Ť Mo╚Öteanu,

Pre╚Öedintele interimar al USR, C─ât─âlin Drul─â,

Liderul Grupului parlamentar al Alian╚Ťei Democrate a Maghiarilor din Rom├ónia (UDMR), Botond Csoma,

Pre╚Öedintele Alian╚Ťei Democrate a Maghiarilor din Rom├ónia (UDMR), Kelemen Hunor,

Liderul Grupului parlamentar al minorit─â╚Ťilor na╚Ťionale, Varujan Pambuccian,

Cc:

Pre╚Öedintele Rom├óniei, Klaus Iohannis,

Ministrul Afacerilor Externe, Bogdan Aurescu,

Ambasadorul Rom├óniei la UE, Iulia Matei,

Bruxelles, 16 iunie 2022

Subiect: Solicitare adresat─â Camerei Deputa╚Ťilor de a vota ├«mpotriva legii propagandei de inspira╚Ťie ungureasc─â adoptat─â tacit de Senatul Rom├óniei

Stimate domnule Președinte al României,

Stimate domnule Pre╚Öedinte al Camerei Deputa╚Ťilor,

Stima╚Ťi Vicepre╚Öedin╚Ťi,

Stima╚Ťi Lideri ai Grupurilor Parlamentare,

Ne adres─âm ast─âzi dumneavoastr─â ├«n calitate de membri ai Intergrupului LGBTI din Parlamentul European, un grup transpartinic de deputa╚Ťi ale╚Öi care lucreaz─â pentru egalitatea persoanelor LGBTIQ, pentru a v─â transmite ├«ngrijorarea noastr─â cu privire la proiectul de lege aprobat tacit ├«n Senatul Rom├óniei. Votul majoritar de s─âpt─âm├óna trecut─â din Comisia pentru Drepturile Omului a Camerei Deputa╚Ťilor a st├órnit ├«ngrijorarea noastr─â.

Am luat la cuno╚Ötin╚Ť─â c─â proiectul de lege depus de forma╚Ťiunea UDMR pentru modificarea Legii nr. 272/2004 privind protec╚Ťia ╚Öi promovarea drepturilor copilului a fost mutat la Camera Deputa╚Ťilor. Acest proiect de lege are ca scop interzicerea difuz─ârii de informa╚Ťii privind orientarea homosexual─â ╚Öi diversitatea de gen ├«n r├óndul minorilor, precum ╚Öi ├«nghe╚Ťarea sexului legal al copiilor p├ón─â la ├«mplinirea v├órstei de 18 ani.

Consider─âm acest proiect de lege ca fiind o evolu╚Ťie deosebit de ├«ngrijor─âtoare, av├ónd ├«n vedere asem─ânarea sa cu proiectul de lege maghiar (care a f─âcut obiectul procedurilor de constatare a ne├«ndeplinirii obliga╚Ťiilor deschise de Comisia European─â anul trecut) ╚Öi cu legea rus─â propagandist─â ÔÇśanti-LGBTIQÔÇÖ. Prin aceast─â scrisoare de ast─âzi, dorim s─â prezent─âm argumente care pun la ├«ndoial─â conformitatea cu drepturile omului a acestui proiect de lege, c─âruia ne opunem cu fermitate, ╚Öi s─â ob╚Ťinem sprijinul dumneavoastr─â pentru a nu permite ca acest proiect de lege s─â devin─â lege.

  1. Asem─ânare cu legea ungar─â care face obiectul procedurilor de constatare a ne├«ndeplinirii obliga╚Ťiilor ╚Öi r─âspunsul din partea Parlamentului European
    ├Än iunie 2021, Parlamentul ungar a adoptat un proiect de lege care, la origine, a avut ca scop protejarea copiilor ├«mpotriva infractorilor pedofili, un obiectiv ├«mp─ârt─â╚Öit ╚Öi urm─ârit de toate institu╚Ťiile UE ╚Öi de toate statele membre. Cu toate acestea, dispozi╚Ťiile legii au fost deliberat vagi ╚Öi au avut drept scop s─â provoace un efect descurajator ├«mpotriva con╚Ötientiz─ârii ╚Öi inform─ârii cu privire la persoanele LGBTIQ. Legea a interzis, ├«n mod similar cu proiectul de lege propus ├«n Senatul Rom├óniei, “prezentarea ╚Öi promovarea identit─â╚Ťii de gen diferite de sexul atribuit la na╚Ötere, schimbarea sexului ╚Öi homosexualitatea” ├«n ╚Öcoli, ├«n programele de televiziune ╚Öi ├«n reclamele accesibile publicului pe orice platform─â pentru persoanele cu v├órsta sub 18 ani, chiar ╚Öi ├«n scopuri educa╚Ťionale.
    Aceast─â lege a dus la o reac╚Ťie de condamnare din partea Parlamentului European, care a adoptat o rezolu╚Ťie ├«n care a remarcat lipsa de conformitate a legii cu acquis-ul UE. ├Än egal─â m─âsur─â, acesta a solicitat Comisiei s─â ia m─âsuri juridice sub forma unor proceduri de constatare a ne├«ndeplinirii obliga╚Ťiilor, inclusiv proceduri accelerate, pentru a proteja ordinea juridic─â a UE ╚Öi respectarea drepturilor fundamentale.[1]
  • Proceduri de constatare a ne├«ndeplinirii obliga╚Ťiilor ini╚Ťiate de c─âtre Comisie, ca urmare a cererii Parlamentului European
    ├Än data de 15 iulie 2021, folosindu-se de rolul s─âu de gardian al tratatelor, Comisia European─â a ini╚Ťiat o ac╚Ťiune ├«n justi╚Ťie ├«mpotriva Ungariei privind ├«nc─âlcarea drepturilor fundamentale ale persoanelor LGBTIQ.[2] ├Äntre timp, Comisia a solicitat informa╚Ťii suplimentare din partea guvernului sub forma unui aviz motivat ├«n decembrie 2021.[3] Guvernul a r─âspuns la aceast─â scrisoare, iar Comisia evalueaz─â r─âspunsul ├«nainte de a sesiza ├«n mod oficial Curtea de Justi╚Ťie a UE.
  • Proiectul de lege nu este conform cu Constitu╚Ťia Rom├óniei
    Articolul 16 din Constitu╚Ťie stipuleaz─â condi╚Ťiile pentru egalitatea ├«n drepturi, prescriind c─â “cet─â┼úenii sunt egali ├«n fa┼úa legii ┼či a autorit─â┼úilor publice, f─âr─â privilegii ┼či f─âr─â discrimin─âri.“.  ├Än egal─â m─âsur─â, articolul 31 prescrie c─â “dreptul persoanei de a avea acces la orice informa┼úie de interes public nu poate fi ├«ngr─âdit.” ╚Öi c─â “autorit─â┼úile publicepotrivit competen┼úelor ce le revinsunt obligate s─â asigure informareacorect─â a cet─â┼úenilor asupra treburilor publice ┼či asupra problemelor de interes personal.“. ├Än prezent, proiectul de lege adoptat de Senaturm─âre╚Öte s─â protejeze “copilul ├«mpotriva difuz─ârii prin orice mijloace a con╚Ťinuturilor referitoare la abaterea de la sexul stabilit la na╚Öteresau la popularizarea schimb─ârii de sex sau a homosexualit─â╚Ťii“, dar nu aduce nicio justificare legal─â care s─â explice de ce difuzarea demateriale referitoare la diversitatea orient─ârii sexuale sau a identit─â╚Ťii de gen ar fi d─âun─âtoare pentru copii. Dimpotriv─â, standardeleeuropene privind drepturile omului adreseaz─â deja faptul c─â o abordare conform─â cu drepturile omului este incluziv─â ├«n ceea ce prive╚Öteprezentarea orient─ârii sexuale ╚Öi a identit─â╚Ťii de gen.
  • Standardele europene privind drepturile omului ├«n materie de educa╚Ťie ╚Öi informare obiectiv─â privind orientarea sexual─â ╚Öiidentitatea de gen (SOGIsunt clare
    Parlamentul European a solicitat recent statelor membre s─â combat─â r─âsp├óndirea de informa╚Ťii eronate, discriminatorii ╚Öi nesigure privinds─ân─âtatea ╚Öi drepturile sexuale ╚Öi reproductive (SDSR) ╚Öi s─â elaboreze programe ╚Öcolare cuprinz─âtoare de educa╚Ťie sexual─â ╚Öi rela╚Ťional─â adecvate v├órstei, ╚Ťin├ónd seama de faptul c─â transmiterea de informa╚Ťii ar trebui s─â reflecte diversitatea orient─ârilor sexuale, a identit─â╚Ťilor degen, a expresiilor ╚Öi a caracteristicilor sexuale.[4]

    ├Än plus, standardele privind drepturile omului ├«n Europa sunt, de fapt, clare de mult timp. Recomandarea din 2010 a Comitetului de Mini╚Ötri al Consiliului Europei privind m─âsurile de abordare a orient─ârii sexuale ╚Öi a identit─â╚Ťii de gen (SOGI)[5] a subliniat ├«n mod clar m─âsurile de interzicere a practicilor discriminatorii ╚Öi de promovare a egalit─â╚Ťii, cum ar fi furnizarea de informa╚Ťii obiective cu privire la orientarea sexual─â ╚Öi identitatea de gen, de exemplu ├«n programele ╚Öcolare ╚Öi ├«n materialele educa╚Ťionale, ╚Öi furnizarea de informa╚Ťii, protec╚Ťie ╚Öi sprijin necesar elevilor pentru a le permite s─â tr─âiasc─â ├«n conformitate cu orientarea lor sexual─â ╚Öi identitatea de gen a acestora (┬Â32). Acesta adaug─â c─â “statele membre trebuie s─â ia m─âsuri adecvate pentru a garanta recunoa╚Öterea juridic─â deplin─â a schimb─ârii genului unei persoane ├«n toate domeniile vie╚Ťii, ├«n special prin facilitarea schimb─ârii numelui ╚Öi a sexului ├«n documentele oficiale ├«ntr-un mod rapid, transparent ╚Öi accesibil” (┬Â21). Rom├ónia nu numai c─â este membr─â a Consiliului Europei ╚Öi, ├«n consecin╚Ť─â, este parte la aceast─â recomandare, dar este ╚Öi semnatar─â a Conven╚Ťiei Europene a Drepturilor Omului, ca toate celelalte state membre ale UE. Curtea European─â a Drepturilor Omului a avut un rol esen╚Ťial ├«n asigurarea respect─ârii CEDO ╚Öi ├«n clarificarea aplic─ârii acesteia.
  • Curtea European─â a Drepturilor Omului a precizat c─â statele membre au obliga╚Ťia de a asigura procedurile de recunoa╚Ötere legal─â a genului
    Adunarea Parlamentar─â a Consiliului Europei a adoptat ├«n 2015 o rezolu╚Ťie privind drepturile persoanelor transgender ├«n Europa, ├«n care a solicitat statelor membre s─â dezvolte proceduri rapide, transparente ╚Öi accesibile, bazate pe autodeterminare, pentru recunoa╚Öterea persoanelor trans. De fapt, Curtea European─â a Drepturilor Omului a clarificat deja, ├«n 2019, ├«n cauza X c. Fosta Republic─â Iugoslav─â a Macedoniei de Nord[6], c─â Macedonia de Nord era obligat─â s─â adopte un cadru legislativ pentru recunoa╚Öterea juridic─â a persoanelor trans. Jurispruden╚Ťa Cur╚Ťii Europene a Drepturilor Omului este clar─â ├«n a asigura c─â exist─â o obliga╚Ťie pozitiv─â a statelor membre de a asigura existen╚Ťa unor mecanisme legale pentru “proceduri rapide, transparente ╚Öi accesibile” pentru schimbarea pe certificatele de na╚Ötere a sexului ├«nregistrat al persoanelor transgender, astfel ├«nc├ót inversarea sau crearea de bariere ├«n calea acestei obliga╚Ťii (adic─â ceea ce propune acest proiect de lege) ar ├«nc─âlca standardele privind drepturile omului. ├Än plus, ├«n 2021, CEDO a hot─âr├ót ├«n cauza ╚Öi Y c.Rom├ónia[7] c─â refuzul autorit─â╚Ťilor na╚Ťionale de a recunoa╚Öte identitatea reclaman╚Ťilor ├«n absen╚Ťa unei opera╚Ťii de schimbare de sex a dus la o ├«nc─âlcare a drepturilor acestora.
  • Jurispruden╚Ťa constitu╚Ťional─â rom├óneasc─â este o referin╚Ť─â ce trebuie sus╚Ťinut─â
    ├Än cazul ├«n care primele argumente nu sunt suficiente, o lege adoptat─â ├«n 2020 de Camera Deputa╚Ťilor din Rom├ónia a fost considerat─â neconstitu╚Ťional─â prin Decizia 907/2020. Legea urm─ârea s─â interzic─â discu╚Ťiile ├«n jurul unor teme precum genul, egalitatea de gen ╚Öi identitatea de gen ├«n ╚Öcoli, universit─â╚Ťi ╚Öi ├«n cadrul dezvolt─ârii profesionale. Curtea a fost categoric─â ├«n afirmarea ├«nc─âlc─ârii dreptului la libertatea de exprimare, a libert─â╚Ťii de g├óndire, a dreptului la informare ╚Öi, nu ├«n ultimul r├ónd, a principiului nediscrimin─ârii ╚Öi a principiului egalit─â╚Ťii ├«n fa╚Ťa legii, reprezent├ónd totodat─â o ├«nc─âlcare a demnit─â╚Ťii umane a persoanelor transgender ╚Öi a femeilor. ├Änc─â de la acea vreme, Intergrupul LGBTI a adresat o scrisoare pre╚Öedintelui Rom├óniei ├«n care amintea de ce o astfel de lege ar fi ├«n mod fundamental ├«n detrimentul persoanelor LGBTI din Rom├ónia.[8] Reafirm─âm c├óteva dintre aceste motive mai jos.
  • Ce arat─â statisticile referitoare la Rom├ónia ├«n compara╚Ťie cu alte state membre UE privind persoanele LGBTIQ
    Situa╚Ťia din Rom├ónia este ├«ngrijor─âtoare ├«n ceea ce prive╚Öte (lipsa de) protec╚Ťie a persoanelor LGBTIQ:
    • Este, ├«mpreun─â cu Polonia, ╚Ťara UE care ├«nregistreaz─â cea mai mare rat─â de agresiuni fizice sau sexuale asupra persoanelor LGBTI ├«n ultimii cinci ani (15%);
    • se afl─â, de asemenea, printre cele 5 ╚Ť─âri din Europa ├«n care majoritatea popula╚Ťiei LGBTI este aproape sau niciodat─â deschis─â cu privire la faptul c─â este LGBTI;
    • ├«n special, persoanele trans din UE se confrunt─â cu cea mai mare h─âr╚Ťuire din cauza faptului c─â sunt LGBTI: 1 din 2 persoane trans a declarat c─â a fost h─âr╚Ťuit─â din cauza faptului c─â este LGBTI. Rom├ónia are al doilea cel mai mare procent din UE de persoane aflate ├«n aceast─â situa╚Ťie (43%).[9]

Stimate domnule Pre╚Öedinte, stima╚Ťi Vicepre╚Öedin╚Ťi, stima╚Ťi Lideri ai grupurilor parlamentare:

Scrisoarea pe care v-o adres─âm ast─âzi urm─âre╚Öte s─â v─â sensibilizeze cu privire la necesitatea de a vota f─âr─â echivoc ├«mpotriva adopt─ârii aceastei legi. Aceast─â lege nu este conform─â cu standardele europene privind drepturile omului, nu urm─âre╚Öte s─â extind─â ├«n continuare protec╚Ťia persoanelor LGBTIQ, ci mai degrab─â s─â ├«ngr─âdeasc─â drepturi deja asigurate; urm─âre╚Öte ├«n continuare s─â marginalizeze persoanele LGBTIQ, ├«ncerc├ónd s─â le oblige s─â tr─âiasc─â ├«n ├«ntuneric: lipsa de informa╚Ťii despre ce ├«nseamn─â s─â fii LGBTIQ ├«nseamn─â o mai mare invizibilitate; lipsa de vizibilitate ├«nseamn─â lipsa de con╚Ötientizare; lipsa de con╚Ötientizare ├«nseamn─â lipsa de politici publice care s─â asigure protec╚Ťia, iar acest lucru, la r├óndul s─âu, ├«nseamn─â mai mult─â ur─â ╚Öi violen╚Ť─â. ├Än cazul ├«n care toate motivele anterioare nu ar fi suficiente, adoptarea acestui proiect de lege ca atare ar for╚Ťa Comisia s─â deschid─â proceduri de constatare a ne├«ndeplinirii obliga╚Ťiilor ╚Öi ├«mpotriva Rom├óniei, pentru acelea╚Öi motive pentru care o ac╚Ťiune similar─â a fost ├«ntreprins─â ├«mpotriva Ungariei.

V─â mul╚Ťumim pentru aten╚Ťia ╚Öi deliberarea asupra motivelor expuse ╚Öi v─â ├«ncuraj─âm sprijinul pentru a nu permite ca acest proiect de lege ru╚Öinos s─â fie adoptat ├«n Camera Deputa╚Ťilor.

Așteptăm cu nerăbdare și pozitivitate un răspuns din partea dumneavoastră.

Cu deosebit─â considera╚Ťie,


Marc ANGEL, Co-Chair, LGBTI Intergroup (S&D, Luxembourg)

Terry REINTKE, Co-Chair, LGBTI Intergroup (Greens-EFA Vice-President, Germany)

Fabio Massimo CASTALDO, Vice-President, LGBTI Intergroup (Non-attached, Italy)

Pierre KARLESKIND, Vice-President, LGBTI Intergroup (Renew Europe, France)

Malin BJ├ľRK, Vice-President, LGBTI Intergroup (The Left, Sweden)

Maria WALSH, Vice-President, LGBTI Intergroup (EPP, Ireland)

Michal ┼áIME─îKA (Slovakia), EP Vice-President 

Malik AZMANI (Netherlands), Renew Europe First Vice-President 

Alice KUHNKE (Sweden), Greens/European Free Alliance Vice-President

Sira REGO (Spain), The Left Vice-President

Marisa MATIAS (Portugal), The Left Vice-President

Andreas SCHIEDER (S&D, Austria)

Bart GROOTHUIS (Renew Europe, Netherlands)

Caroline NAGTEGAAL (Renew Europe, Netherlands)

Catharina RINZEMA (Renew Europe, Netherlands)

Cyrus ENGERER (S&D, Malta) 

Daniel FREUND (Greens-EFA, Germany)

Diana RIBA I GINER (Greens-EFA, Spain) 

Dietmar K├ľSTER (S&D, Germany)

Evin INCIR (S&D, Sweden)

Gwendoline DELBOS-CORFIELD (Greens-EFA, France)

Hilde VAUTMANS (Renew Europe, Belgium)

Jan HUITEMA (Renew Europe, Netherlands)

Jos├ę GUSM├âO (The Left, Portugal)

Karen MELCHIOR (Renew Europe, Denmark)

Kim VAN SPARRENTAK (Greens-EFA, Netherlands)

Malte GALLÉE (G-EFA, Germany)

Martin HOJS├ŹK (Renew Europe, Slovakia)

Matja┼ż NEMEC (S&D, Slovenia)

Monika VANA (Greens-EFA, Austria)

Moritz K├ľRNER (Renew Europe, Germany)

Nicolae ┼×TEF─éNU╚Ü─é (Renew Europe, Romania)

Niklas NIENASS (Greens-EFA, Germany)

Olivier CHASTEL (Renew Europe, Belgium)

Radka MAXOVÁ (S&D, Czechia)

Ramona STRUGARIU (Renew Europe, Romania)

Rasmus ANDRESEN (Greens-EFA, Germany)

Ren├ę REPASI (S&D, Germany)

Rosa DÔÇÖAMATO (Greens-EFA, Italy)

Sara MATTHIEU (Greens-EFA, Belgium)

Saskia BRICMONT (Greens-EFA, Belgium)

Sirpa PIETIKÄINEN (EPP, Finland)

Sophie INÔÇÖT VELD (Renew Europe, Netherlands)

Tilly METZ (G-EFA, Luxembourg)


[1] European Parliament resolution, (8 July 2021), ÔÇťBreaches of EU law and of the rights of LGBTIQ citizens in Hungary as a result of the legal changes adopted by the Hungarian Parliament (2021/2780(RSP))ÔÇŁ, accessible at https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2021-0362_EN.html.

[2] European Commission (17 July 2021), ÔÇťEU founding values: Commission starts legal action against Hungary and Poland for violations of fundamental rights of LGBTIQ peopleÔÇť, accessible at https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_3668.

[3] European Commission (2 December 2021), ÔÇťDecember infringement package: Key decisionsÔÇŁ, accessible at https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/inf_21_6201.

[4] European Parliament resolution, (24 June 2021), ÔÇťSituation of sexual and reproductive health and rights in the EU, in the frame of womenÔÇÖs health (2020/2215(INI))ÔÇŁ, accessible at https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2021-0314_EN.html.

[5] Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe (31 March 2010), ÔÇťRecommendation CM/Rec(2010)5 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on measures to combat discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identityÔÇŁ, accessible at https://search.coe.int/cm/Pages/result_details.aspx?ObjectID=09000016805cf40a.

[6] European Court of Human Rights in case of X v. the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (17 January 2019), Application no. 29683/16, accessible at https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001-189096.

[7] European Court of Human Rights in case of X and Y. v. Romania (1 January 2021), Application no. 2145/16, accessible at https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=002-13101.

[8]  LGBTI Intergroup (24 June 2020), ÔÇťMEPs urge Romanian President not to promulgate law forbidding discussions on gender and gender identityÔÇŁ, accessible at https://lgbti-ep.eu/2020/06/24/meps-urge-romanian-president-not-to-promulgate-law-forbidding-discussions-on-gender-and-gender-identity/.

[9] Fundamental Rights Agency (May 2020), ÔÇťA long way to LGBTI equalityÔÇŁ, accessible on  https://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2020-lgbti-equality_en.pdf.

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